Automobile Accident Types

There are many different types of automobile accidents and a variety of situations under which they can occur. The following are some examples.

Asleep-at-the-Wheel Accidents

Accidents are caused frequently by drivers who are fatigued. Sleep-deprived drivers are just as deadly as drunk drivers. Nearly 4 percent of deadly crashes involve drivers who are fatigued. This type of accident is often referred to as the “silent killer” because it frequently gets overlooked.

Drunk-Driving Accidents

Despite all the warnings, public awareness, educational programs, etc., people still get behind the wheel of their vehicles while intoxicated. Motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause of death in the United States for persons under age 24, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Of those deaths more than 40 percent are alcohol-related. An estimated 40 percent of all persons in the United States will be involved in a traffic mishap blamed on alcohol at some point in their lives. In California, a person with a Blood Alcohol Content of 0.08 percent or higher is considered legally drunk.

Rear-End Collisions

Although rear-end collisions are the least fatal type of auto accident, they are the most common. The use of cell phones and iPods as well as passenger distraction contribute greatly to these types of accidents. Occupants of the impacted vehicle usually suffer worse injuries than those in the other car. Whiplash is a common injury in rear-end collisions.

Side-Impact Collision

Side-impact collisions are often serious. They include any accident where one car hits the side of another, whether by merging into another vehicle's lane, "t-boning" the vehicle by running a stop sign or traffic signal or just skidding out of control and hitting the side of a car at an angle. 

Speeding Car Accident

While auto accidents injure a person in the United States every 10 seconds, speeding drivers are the cause of nearly 30 percent of these collisions. And, speeding alone is a contributing factor in almost one-third of all fatal crashes.

Rollover Accident

A rollover accident is when a car flips over onto the side or the roof of the car. Although this can result from a head-on collision, a side-impact or a rear-impact accident, the main cause is turning sharply while speeding. Tall vehicles, such as SUVs or trucks, are more likely to tip over than smaller cars.

Head-On Collisions

A head-on collision is when one vehicle front hits another vehicle front or a stationary object. Although this is most common at night when drivers fall asleep, it can happen any time, such as when a car enters a freeway, driveway or one-way street from the wrong direction. Often times, such accidents are the result of drunk driving. 

Equipment Failure

Manufacturers are required by law to design and engineer cars that meet a minimum safety standard. The most frequent types of equipment failure are loss of brakes, tire blowouts or tread separation, and steering/suspension failure. Accidents may be out of your control, due to a defective product. It is imperative to have routine maintenance performed on your car so that potentially dangerous mechanical problems can be detected and repaired.

Roadway Conditions

An accident may be caused by poor roadway conditions, such as uneven surfaces, missing traffic signs, roadway obstacles or poor roadway maintenance.

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