Brain Injury Prevention
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|Brain Injury Prevention|
Preventing Injuries from Auto Accidents:
- For adults and children over age 12, airbags used with lap-shoulder belts offer the most effective safety protection.
- Infants and children under 12 should always be in the back seat, using a seatbelt (children in rear-facing car seats should always be in the back seat).
- Never put an infant in the front seat, rear facing or otherwise.
- Pedestrians walking after dark should wear bright, reflective clothing.
- Do not wear headphones when crossing streets.
- Teach children to look left, right, then left again before crossing a street.
Preventing Injuries from Bicycle Accidents:
- Wear a helmet every time you ride a bike—helmets are 85 to 88 percent effective in preventing head injuries, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
- Make sure the helmet fits correctly—it should be worn flatly on the top of the head, not tilting backward. Adjust the chin strap so that it fits snugly; this will help secure the helmet in place.
- Be sure the helmet meets the standards of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission and/or the Snell Memorial Foundation.
- Replace your helmet after every fall or every two years.
- Help children understand and obey safety rules of the road.
- Teach children to always exercise caution when in traffic.
- Follow key bicycle safety habits:
- Stop at stop signs.
- Obey traffic lights.
- Yield to all pedestrians.
- Take great care at intersections.
- Ride with traffic—never against.
- Check driveways and alleys.
- Watch for turning cars and parked cars (opening doors).
- Never share a seat.
- Have reflectors/headlights for low visibility and night riding.
- Never use headphones while biking.
- Use correct hand signals and always look behind you before changing lanes.
It is estimated that about 75 percent of all falls occur at home. A little common sense goes a long way when it comes to fall prevention.
- Use non-skid contrasting tape, rubber stair treads or coated, skid-resistant surface treatment on non-carpeted stairs. Apply strips of tape to dry, clean surfaces at one-inch intervals. Three strips of tape provide good traction on a typical step.
- Make sure carpeting is firmly attached along stairs.
- Stairways should have handrails—use them.
- Provide adequate lighting, especially on stairs for people with poor vision or who have difficulty walking.
- Do not place obstacles in walking pathways.
- Use sturdy step stools—preferably with handrails.
- Clean spills immediately.
How Seniors Can Prevent Falling
- Exercise regularly to maintain strength; see your doctor before starting any exercise regime.
- Install grab bars/non-slip mats/handrails/lights where necessary.
- Remove items, such as personal effects or extension cords that are easy to trip over.
- Review all possible side-effects of medications.
- Wear safe, non-slip shoes
- Be sure to get regular vision tests.
Protect Children from Falls
- Never leave your child unattended in the bath/shower.
- Use non-skid strips in the bathtub.
- Use wall-mounted, non-accordion safety gates.
- Use doorknob covers, locks, stops and door holders.
- Place safety netting on balconies/decks.
- Install window guards and open windows from top.
- Keep stairs clear.
- Make sure children can’t squeeze through stair railings/banisters.
- Beware of top-heavy furniture on which a child could climb.
- Make sure top bunks have guard rails and only allow kids 7 years of age and older to sleep on them.
- Side rails on cribs should always be in the up position.
- Use safety belts for infants in any stationary position: stroller/highchair/changing table/ shopping carts.